By Levi Clancy for לוי on
This pillared house is filled with ancient artifacts, as well as some replicas and estimates. It is modeled after one of several comprising a joint family compound in a hill-country village located a little north of Jerusalem.
Statue of Gudea as an architect
The statue shows Gudea as an architect with a large, blank tablet, a stylus, and a measuring stick. The text inscribed on his fringed garment describes his construction of a temple for Gatumdu ("mother of Lagash"). Gudea was ensi (ruler) of the large Sumerian state of Lagash during the 22nd century BC. The statues were intended to show the piety of Gudea in his tireless role as restorer of the city's temples. Many were found in Girsu (modern Tello), capital of Lagash, by Ernest de Sarzec from 1877 - 1878. Most of Gudea's statues were defaced by later conquerors of Lagash, including by decapitation.
Architect with Ruler
Painted plaster cast
Original: Diorite (Louvre)
2100 BC, Neo-Sumerian, Girsu
Harvard Semitic Museum