By Levi Clancy for לוי on
Psalm 46 is an example of a Song of Zion (see Psalm 137), as attested by its focus on the temples, mountains and security of Jerusalem due to its potection by God. Jerusalem's sacredness is demonstrated by first describing the world around it; there is the contrast between safe and unsafe, between Jerusalem and the rest of the world.
God is our refuge and strength, a well proved help in trouble.
Therefore we will not fear, though the earth should change,
though the mountains shake in the heart of the sea;
though its waters roar and foam,
though the waters tremble with its tumult. Psalm 46:1-3
Chaos and tumult are vividly depicted in a manner similar to the latter days mentioned in Joel 3:16.
4 There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God,
the holy habitation of the Most High.
5 God is in the midst of the city; it shall not be moved;
God will help it when the morning dawns. Psalm 46:4-5
Pslams 46:4 refers to the Gihon spring, whose streams make glad the city of Jerusalem. In Psalms 46:4-5, Jerusalem is attested as the city of God (a blessed city) and the holy habitation of the Most High (the highest place on Earth, the sacred mountain where the sacred and the non-sacred realm intersect; in this case, the temple).
The nations are in an uproar, the kingdoms totter;
he utters his voice, the earth melts.
The Lord of hosts is with us;
the God of Jacob is our refuge.
8 Come, behold the works of the Lord;
see what desolation he has brought on the earth.
9 He makes wars cease to the end of the earth;
he breaks the bow, and shatters the spear;
he burns the shields with fire.
10 "Be still, and know that I am God!
I am exalted among the nations,
I am exalted in the earth."
11 The Lord of hosts is with us;
the God of Jacob is our refuge. Psalm 46:6-11