Penn Museum

By Levi Clancy for לוי on
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LMLK jar-handle
Two-winged sun-disk

Ceramic, Gibeon
Iron IIB, 900 - 701 BC
Inscribed: lmlk [s]kj = Belonging to the King. [Su]koh.
Penn Museum

LMLK jar handle with two-winged sun-disk sukoh
LMLK jar, sun-disk (sukoh)

LMLK jar-handle
Two-winged sun-disk

Ceramic, Gibeon
Iron IIB, 900 - 701 BC
Inscribed: lmlk zph = Belonging to the King. Ziph.
Penn Museum

LMLK jar handle with two-winged sun-disk ziph
LMLK jar, sun-disk (ziph)

LMLK jar-handle
Four-winged beetle

Ceramic, Beth Shemesh
Iron IIB, 900 - 701 BC
Inscribed: lmlk = belonging to the King ... [place name missing]
Penn Museum

LMLK jar handle with four-winged beetle
LMLK jar, winged beetle (no place)

LMLK jar-handle
Four-winged beetle

Ceramic, Gibeon
Iron IIB, 900 - 701 BC
Inscribed: lmlk mmst = belonging to the King. mmst.
Penn Museum

LMLK jar handle with four-winged beetle mmst
LMLK jar, winged beetle (mmst)

In the 7th cenutry BC, inscribed weights indicate a standard system of measures was in use in Judah. The weight system was based on the shekel (0.4 ounces) and its subdivisions nesef (5/6 shekel), pym (4/6 shekel), beqa (3/6 shekel) and gera (1/24 shekel).

Stone weights Egyptian hieratic numbers.
Iron IIC, 701 - 586 BC
Penn Museum

Judean weights
Stone weights with hieratic numbers

Fragmentary ammonite ostracon
Baqah Valley, Khirbat Umm adDananir
Ceramic, Iron IIC, 701 - 586 BC
Only shema is preserved (likely from a personal name) meaning to hear.
Penn Museum

Ammonite ostraca shema
Fragmentary ammonite ostracon

Jewelry mold
Steatite
Beth Shean, stratum VI
Iron IA, 1200 - 1150 BC
Penn Museum

Steatite jewelry mold beth shean
Steatite jewelry mold

Ur Hall

Ur ram in a thicket
Ram in a thicket

Ram caught in a thicket
Gold, silver, lapis lazuli, copper, shell, red limestone, and bitumen
2550 - 2450 BC, Ur
Penn Museum

Though called i>ram in a thicket the sculpture likely depicts a goat. The theme of a goat stepping up into a tree was common in early Mesopotamian art.

Ur ram in a thicket
Ram in a thicket

Ur ram in a thicket
Ram in a thicket

Ur ram in a thicket
Ram in a thicket

Ur ram in a thicket
Ram in a thicket

Ur ram in a thicket
Ram in a thicket

Ur ram in a thicket
Ram in a thicket